Similipal: The Tourists' Paradise

Mayurbhanj enjoys the unique distinction of having a vast forest cover bristling with varied  flora  and  fauna, stretches of  lush  green  forest  served  with a  network of perennial streams and its  bracing  climate  contribute so much to make the district an ideal habitat for tropical birds and animals. In the eyes of tourists, the spot,  which is bewitching and enthralling, is SIMILIPAL NATIONAL PARK the ideal habitat of animals like tiger, leopard, elephant, sambar, deer and birds. Added to it is the scenic beauty in extravaganza which keeps one amazed. A nature loving tourist can not but miss the majestic sal forests, cool, calm and expansive grassy lands, soaring peaks and the waterfalls of  streaming  pearls  which make Similipal  the " Dreamland of Nature".


Bird of Similipal

Tiger of Similipal

Elephent of Similipal


 |Lulung | Nawana | Joranda Waterfall | Barehipani Water fall | Chahala |



The Elephants, dense forest, rugged hilly terrain majestically roaming wild animal and unfathomable magnetic power of to attract the tourists to its lap combinedly make Similipal 'The Tourists' Paradise. Truly speaking, any sensitive nature loving tourist, who happen to come here once is so mesmerised by the roar of the Tiger, swaying gait of the elephant, chirping of various tropical birds, shining of tender foliages of luxuriously grown sal trees and other tropical forest trees and rustling of perennial streams, that, they unwillingly make a retreat to the world full of din and bustle. Apart from that Similipal is the richest watershed in Orissa, giving rise to many perennial rivers-The Budhabalanga, The khadkei, The West Deo, The East Deo, The Salandi and the Sanjo are the major ones. Gorgeous BAREHIPANI (400mt) and JORANDA (150mt) waterfalls do give every visitors a mute call to come there over and over again. At night when one is cozily settled in the rest house it is exciting as well as chilling to hear alarm calls-shrill notes of CHEETAL, belling of SAMBAR or barking of MUNTJAC, generally indicating the presence of large predator-the LEOPARD or TIGER in the vicinity. During the day, sight of conspicuous foot prints of big cats and ELEPHANTS make the imagination run wild. During May-June, a large number of ORCHIDS bloom, exotically coloured and strangely shaped. They nestle on the trunks and branches of the tree for support in moist region. Generally 4 to 5 varieties bloom at a time for few days, while others patiently wait for their turn. Foot-long chains of 'FOX-TAIL orchid consisting of several hundred tiny translucent mauve coloured flowers are most conspicious. A visit to The RAMTIRTHA CROCODILE REARING CENTRE near JASHIPUR is an exposure of different kind. It provides insight into the intricacy of nature and the man's effort to restore the balance in nature. In totality Similipal is among some of the best creations of the God.


Mammals: Tiger, Leopard, Bison, Elephant, Spotted Deer, Bear, Ratel, Sambar, Mouse Deer, Otter, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Chowsingha, Ruddy Mongoose, Pangolin, Giant squirrel, Flying Squirrel, Hanuman, Langur, Rh. Macaque.

Birds: Pea Fowl, Red jungle Fowl, Hornbill, Hill Myna, Grey wagtail, Alexandrine Parakeet, Serpent Eagle.

Reptile: Python, king Cobra, Cobra, Viper, Banded Krait, Monitor lizard, Forest Calotes, Chameleon, Mugger Crocodile, Black Turtle, Tent Turtle.

General Information

Area in Sq. Km.: 
845 (core)
1905 (Buffer)
Total: 2750
Latitude: 20deg17'-22deg34'N
Longitude: 85deg40'-87deg10'E
Rainfall: 2000mm
Temp: Max.42degCelcious (May-June)
Min: -3degC (Dec-Jan.)
Highest Point: Khairburu (1165.6mt)
Conservation History
Declared Sanctuary: December 1979
Proposed National Park: August 1980 and June 1986
Made tiger reserve: 1973
Ramtirtha Crocodile Rearing Centre: 1979
--Monitoring of population of major animals.
--Monitoring of rehabilitated crocodiles.
--Salt-lick maintenance
--Habitat improvement
--Tourism pattern study
--Pattern of habitat utilisation by Giant Squirrel.

Near by places of Interest

Ramtirtha, Deokund, Khiching, Panchalingeswar, Chandipur, Udaypur, Kuldiha Sanctuary.

Approach: (In Kms)
From             Jashipur         Pithabata 
Bhubaneswar    252               290 
Calcutta            290               270 
Balasore           160                 80 
Jamshedpur      113               175 
Season of Visit: 
The Sanctuary remains open to visitors tentatively from 1st November to 15th June. 
Entry Permit issued from: 
Office of Asst. Conservator of Forest,
National Park, NH-6, Jashipur 
Office of Range Officer, Pithabata 
range, Pithabata Check gate Pithabata.

Other Enquiries


Similipal is very rich in biodiversity with 7% of Indian species of flowering plants and 8% of orchids of India. Till date 1076 species of plants out of which   92 species of orchids have been identified in Similipal.

Fauna Census

The rich fauna of similipal includes at least 7% reptiles,20% birds & 11% mammals out of the Indian checklist. Thus, 42 major mammals and 260 species of birds and 30 species of  reptiles have been identified in Similipal.  As per the latest census following are the details of the status of some of the common species of wildlife.

 Animal Population

Tiger: 98 (Male-28, Female-44, Cub-26, As on January 1999)
Leopard: 115 (Male-32, Female-59, Cub-24 As on January 1999) 

Elephant:  449 (M-85, F-282, Y-82 As on May 1999)


Forest Cover of Mayurbhanj

Mayurbhanj is a land of lush green forests. Its vegetation occurrence can be broadly classified as follows. 

  • North tropical moist deciduous sal forests.

  • Northern tropical semi-evergreen forests.

  • Mixed deciduous hill forests.

  • High level sal.

  • Dry deciduous sal forests.

  • Plain sal forests.

  • Grass land and savannah.

The similipal forest of the district comprising a single compact area, represents virgin semi-ever green form. The growth of the forest is thick and impenetrable and is dominated by gigantic growth of large number of tree species chief being sal. Other species such as piasal, asan, neem, kusum, mahul, dhow and sisu are found all over the area too. The under growth is thick in similipal Reserve forest but thin towards the peripheri.


Statistical Figure of  Forest cover

Reserve Forest: 894.38 Sq.km 
D.P.F.(U/S): 23.15 Sq.km 
U.D.P.F: 723.83 Sq.km 
Un-classed Forest: 0.53 Sq.km 
Total: 1641.89 Sq.km 

The following nos.of V.S.S and V.F.P.C.s have been formed by the villagers of nearby forests for protection of forests and they have been imparted training and inspiration on the above facts. Sawing machines, press machines (for preparation of sal leaves tray, plates etc.) have been provided to the people of adjacent villages in order to keep away from forest theft. Mobile staff have been deployed with arms and ammunitions to patrol in and out side of forests. 
V.S.S 151 nos 17,602.27 Hectare area protected V.F.P.C  132 nos 17,304.63 Hectare area protected.